日本人英文法の意外な穴

帝京大学教授で、ルミナス英和辞典(研究社)をはじめとする英語辞書編纂にも多く関わってこられたクリストファ・バーナード先生が月3~4回、語法、語彙を含めた広い意味での英文法の様々なトピックを解説します。

スポンサーサイト

上記の広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。
新しい記事を書く事で広告が消せます。

PageTop

114. Cognate objects (1)

114. Cognate objects (1)

We can use the term "cognate object" to refer to what in the last Column I called "true cognate objects". This refers to those objects which must have an adjective before them:

1) I slept a deep sleep.
2) He laughed a loud laugh.
3) He died a sudden death.

Or, they can be followed by a that-clause, etc.:
4) He slept a sleep that was deep.

Therefore the following kind of sentence is incorrect:

4) × I slept a sleep.

But in the case of the "a song" type of object I discussed in the previous Column, we can say either of these:

5) I sang a song. / I sang a short song.
6) I danced a dance. / I danced a romantic dance.

So, to summarize, true cognate objects can only occur with an adjective or that-clause, etc.

Many of the expressions of the adjective + cognate object type are very common collocations, and as such are worth learning by heart. In the next Column, I will give many examples of adjective + cognate object.


◆NOTES◆
to summarize:まとめると
collocation:コロケーション(ある語・句同士の習慣的な結び付き)
as such:そういうものとして、それ自体は
be worth -ing:~する価値がある
learn by heart:暗記する

スポンサーサイト

PageTop
上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。