日本人英文法の意外な穴

帝京大学教授で、ルミナス英和辞典(研究社)をはじめとする英語辞書編纂にも多く関わってこられたクリストファ・バーナード先生が月3~4回、語法、語彙を含めた広い意味での英文法の様々なトピックを解説します。

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119. "Fun" is not an adjective -- usually

119. "Fun" is not an adjective -- usually

Learners of English often make sentences like this:

1) X I went to Disneyland and it was very fun.

Sentence (1) is incorrect. But we can say this:

2) I went to Disneyland and it was very enjoyable.

The point is that "fun" is an uncountable noun, as can be seen in these sentences:

3) I went to Disneyland and had a lot of fun.
4) I did not have much/any fun at Disneyland.

Naturally, this sentence is also correct English:

5) I went to Disneyland and it was great fun.

Sentence (5) is grammatically similar to the following sentences:

6) I felt great happiness/joy.
7) I felt deep love/pain.

However, in informal English "fun" can be used as an adjective. But only as an adjective which comes before a noun, as in the following:

a fun thing 楽しいこと/物
a fun time 楽しい時間
a fun day out 楽しい休日のおでかけ
a fun party 楽しいパーティ
a fun person 愉快な人
a fun film 楽しい映画

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