日本人英文法の意外な穴

帝京大学教授で、ルミナス英和辞典(研究社)をはじめとする英語辞書編纂にも多く関わってこられたクリストファ・バーナード先生が月3~4回、語法、語彙を含めた広い意味での英文法の様々なトピックを解説します。

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130. "-s", or "of" ? (Part 2)

130. "-s", or "of" ? (Part 2)

Continuing from the previous Column, here is list of kinds of nouns which use, or tend to use, "-s" in the possessive. When "of" also sounds all right, I have marked "> of". As you can see, I have divided these into "HUMAN", "PLACE AND TIME", "SPECIAL IDIOMS".

"HUMAN"
PERSONAL NAMES
John's pen

PERSONAL NOUNS
the girl's doll
our son's education

ANIMAL NOUNS (HIGHER ANIMALS, ESPECIALLY PETS)
the cat's toy
our dog's bed
a horse's saddle 馬の鞍

COLLECTIVE NOUNS, ESPECIALLY OF ORGANIZATIONS
the government's policy > of
the board's recommendation > of 理事会の推薦
the committee's decision > of
the audience's reaction > of 聴衆の反応
the staff's protest > of
the team's victory
the company's history > of
Tokyo University's Department of Foreign Languages

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES WHEN THEY INCLUDE HUMAN BEINGS
Europe's natural resources
Japan's population growth > of
Tokyo's transport system
China's economy > of
China's planning for the Olympic Games

NOUNS RELATED TO HUMAN ACTIVITY
the liver's function > of 肝臓の機能
the body's development > of
his life's work (= his lifework)
a word's meaning > of
the essay's main point > of
the dictionary's layout > of

"PLACE AND TIME"
PLACE NOUNS
the Moon's gravity > of 月の引力
the Earth's rotation > of 地球の回転
the world's population problem
the nation's traditions > of
the factory's output > of 工場の生産量
the school's main gate > of
the university's rugby team

TIME NOUNS
yesterday's news
the week's schedule
a fortnight's holiday 二週間の休み
last month's sales 先月の売り上げ
this baseball season's hero
this winter's worst snowstorm > of

"SPECIAL IDIOMS"
get my money's worth 払った金(努力)に見合うだけのものを得る(楽しむ)
twenty dollar's worth of gasoline
a stone's throw away 石を投げれば届く距離(近所)
at my wits' end 途方に暮れて
keep him at arm's length 少し距離をおいて、関わり合いを避けて
within arm's reach 手の届く所に
in my mind's eye 心の中で想像して

◆NOTES◆
in the possessive:所有格で


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