日本人英文法の意外な穴

帝京大学教授で、ルミナス英和辞典(研究社)をはじめとする英語辞書編纂にも多く関わってこられたクリストファ・バーナード先生が月3~4回、語法、語彙を含めた広い意味での英文法の様々なトピックを解説します。

スポンサーサイト

上記の広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。
新しい記事を書く事で広告が消せます。

PageTop

104. The basic template for reported speech (2)

104. The basic template for reported speech (2)

In the previous Column, I discussed the basic template for reported speech.

In this Column, I will change it slightly, as follows:

PERSON + COMMUNICATING VERB + PERSON + JOINING WORD + PERSON + VERB TENSE 

                                    ↓

                                  WORD ORDER


The reason that PERSON + VERB TENSE has an arrow below which points to WORD ORDER is because this reminds us that in reported questions we have a change in word order (see Columns 86 and 87), as the following shows:

1) Joan: "Where (1) do (2) you (3) live."

  > Joan asked me where (2)  I  (1/3) lived. (X ... where (1) did (2)  I  (3) live)

2) Jim: "(1) Do (2) you (3) live in Osaka?"

  > Jim asked me if (2)  I   (1/3) lived in Osaka.

  > Jim enquired of me if (2)  I   (1/3) lived  in Osaka.          

3) Bill: "(1) Is (2) the dog (3) your dog."

  > Bill asked me if (3) the dog (1) was (2) my dog.

  > Bill wanted to know if (3) the dog (1) was (2) mine.

4) Fred: "(1) Are (2) you Japanese?"

  > Fred asked me if (2)  I  (1) was Japanese.


This template should be used as the basic guide for reported speech. For example, if you are writing English, and want to check the correctness of a sentence you have written in reported speech, use this template.


◆NOTES◆

・slightly: ほんの少し

・as follows: 次のように

・point to ~: ~の方を指す

・remind A that ...: Aに…を気づかせる、思い出させる

・the following: 次のこと

スポンサーサイト

PageTop
上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。