104. The basic template for reported speech (2)
In the previous Column, I discussed the basic template for reported speech.
In this Column, I will change it slightly, as follows:
PERSON + COMMUNICATING VERB + PERSON + JOINING WORD + PERSON + VERB TENSE
The reason that PERSON + VERB TENSE has an arrow below which points to WORD ORDER is because this reminds us that in reported questions we have a change in word order (see Columns 86 and 87), as the following shows:
1) Joan: "Where (1) do (2) you (3) live."
> Joan asked me where (2) I (1/3) lived. (X ... where (1) did (2) I (3) live)
2) Jim: "(1) Do (2) you (3) live in Osaka?"
> Jim asked me if (2) I (1/3) lived in Osaka.
> Jim enquired of me if (2) I (1/3) lived in Osaka.
3) Bill: "(1) Is (2) the dog (3) your dog."
> Bill asked me if (3) the dog (1) was (2) my dog.
> Bill wanted to know if (3) the dog (1) was (2) mine.
4) Fred: "(1) Are (2) you Japanese?"
> Fred asked me if (2) I (1) was Japanese.
This template should be used as the basic guide for reported speech. For example, if you are writing English, and want to check the correctness of a sentence you have written in reported speech, use this template.
・as follows: 次のように
・point to ～: ～の方を指す
・remind A that ...: Aに…を気づかせる、思い出させる
・the following: 次のこと