日本人英文法の意外な穴

帝京大学教授で、ルミナス英和辞典(研究社)をはじめとする英語辞書編纂にも多く関わってこられたクリストファ・バーナード先生が月3~4回、語法、語彙を含めた広い意味での英文法の様々なトピックを解説します。

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109. Weather words (1)

109. Weather words (1)

Weather is certainly part of our daily lives, and is also a very large part of daily conversation. In this Column and the following one, I will give a list of Japanese weather words, together with example sentences.

Some of these expressions might seem special to Japan, but I hope that readers will notice that they are quite easy to translate into English.

TIME OF DAY
日の出
1) I always get up before sunrise.
2) We went along to the beach to see the sun come up.
日の入り
3) We were lucky enough to see a beautiful red and golden sunset.
4) At this time of the year the sun sets at about half-past six.
朝焼け
5) When we woke up there was a red sky at dawn.
6) The glow of dawn was really beautiful.
黄昏
7) It is still dusk -- not really night-time.
8) Twilight in summer is my favourite time of the day.

SKY
鱗雲
9) In autumn, we often see a mackerel sky like this.
10) The cirrocumulus clouds formed a mackerel sky.
澄み渡る
11) As we stood on the top of the mountain, we could see for many miles because of the perfectly clear air.
12) I stood in wonder and looked up at the azure sky.
台風一過
13) The typhoon has passed, so tomorrow it should be a fine, sunny day.
14) On the day after the typhoon the sky was clear and blue, and you could not see a cloud.
朝霧
15) The whole countryside seemed to be hidden in the morning mist.
16) The morning sun soon dispersed the mist.
朝雲り
17) It has been rather cloudy in the mornings recently.
18) The sky was at first cloudy, but as the day went on the clouds disappeared.
空模様
19) By the look of the sky, I think the weather is not going to get any better.
20) The sky looks very threatening this morning.


◆NOTES◆
・be lucky enough to do: 幸運にも~する
・glow: 燃えるような色
・mackerel: サバ
・cirrocumulus: 巻積雲
・in wonder: 驚嘆して
・disperse: ~を追い散らす
・threatening: (空·雲などが)荒れる気配の
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